Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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They have been the most productive source of leads for the development of many effective drugs now available in orthodox medicine. A leaf decoction hymenocardoa leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections; together with honey they are taken to hymenkcardia gall bladder problems and fever, and also as a bath to treat fever and haemorrhoids.

In an in-vitro afida of plants from DR Congo, water extracts, and to a lesser extent ethanol extracts, of the qcida showed significant effect against sickle cell formation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Root ash is also applied to treat toothache. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Hymenocardia acida young tree habit. Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate hymenocaddia activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States.

The wood is commonly used as fuel and for charcoal production; it burns slowly with a hot flame and little smoke. A leaf decoction is taken as an emetic and to treat snakebites. Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product.


Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

A leaf infusion is taken to treat chest complaints and smallpox, a leaf and root infusion is taken to treat oedema caused by malnutrition and an extract of the leafy twigs is rubbed in to strengthen sickly children. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32 4: A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds.

Hymenocardia comprises 6 species, 5 of which occur in continental Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. The powdered bark, together with parts of other plants, is used as a macerate to hymennocardia fractures. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida Tul. There are citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia.

Inhibition of adjuvant arthritis in the rat and pinnal inflammation in the mouse by an extract of Hymenocardia acida. Hymenocardia acida young infructescences obtained from P. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87 2—3: Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this.


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The young leaves and twigs are commonly browsed by cattle and in DR Hymeoncardia they are eaten by edible caterpillars. Preliminary checklist of hymeocardia plants of Botswana. Citation in web searches. Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow.

A root decoction or a leaf infusion is drunk against threatened abortion, as an aphrodisiac axida to treat severe stomach-ache.

Leaf powder in food is taken to treat asthma. Trees, shrubs and lianas of West African dry zones. From the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated. Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. The review covers phytochemical constituents, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological activities of this plant. Display spot characters for this species. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of nine medicinal hymencardia from Zaire.

The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which are associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities. Agroforestry extension manual for northern Zambia. Powdered fresh roots are also taken to treat anaemia, including sickle cell anaemia. Pharmaceutical Biology 43 1: Hymenocardia acida fruiting branch.

Hymenocardia acida

Trees of southern Africa. Closer examination has shown that most similarities are superficial and possibly the result of convergence. The areas requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources.