Mayan Codices are books written on bark in the few centuries before Columbus landed. Several record detailed hieroglyphic calculations of lunar and planetary. Archaeologists led by William Saturno of Boston. University recently announced the discovery of early ninth-century murals and associated astro- nomical tables. In , a small painted room was excavated at the extensive ancient Maya ruins of Xultun, Guatemala, dating to the early 9th century C.E. The walls and ceiling.

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In summary, this lunar phase calendar seems quite precise and also quite general, since it does not refer to any particular date in history. Other Papers By First Author. Click here to sign up.

American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia,portions of multiplication tables that accompany 4. If the ancient Mayans chose to begin their Long Count calendar on August 13, BC, while ending it on December 23, AD, perhaps they possessed some kind of knowledge which we today have long forgotten? The interval of Xultun Number A—1, days— is [63 x 18,] and [4 x x ].

Following the Initial Series, the count appears as a short distance number leading to the previous station—one of four which are days apart.

Drawing by Ian Graham.

Oldest Maya Calendar Unearthed

Counting Lunar Phase Cycles in Mesoamerica. Nevertheless, our popular press has been quick to tell people, based on an incomplete understanding, that nothing important will happen at the end of AD see www. Copyright by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved.


In our modern culture, we count dates from the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem years ago. Could the ancient Mayans have developed two more calendars which we do not currently know about, with periods longer than or days?

Ancient Maya astronomical tables from Xultun, Guatemala.

It mayaj a long-term match between their Calendar Round of 18, days, and their Long Count calendar of days: The first two of those numbers tell when the Calendar Round will match calendar cycles of or days in an integral fashion: When they carved stelas, they would often add symbols for both the Long Count and the Calendar Round, so that both sets of dates would mutually confirm one another.

A Date of Opportunity.

SaturnoDavid StuartAnthony F. Science 21 December VolIssue The north wall of the dwelling opposite the entrance depicts the king richly dressed and adorned with blue feathers and Maya glyphs near his visage that according to what has been translated, refer to him as Hermano Minor or Minor Brother. The columns tity is between and Message Subject Your Name has forwarded a page to you from Science. Four very large numbers on the opposite wall. A report in the Guatemala newspaper Prensa Libre says that the walls of the dwelling discovered practically intact are richly adorned with images of a Maya king, drawings of Maya men, and numerical symbols corresponding with the Maya Calendar.

Past 7, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Helmholtz Gemeinschaft, http: Forests, fields, and the edge of sustainability at the ancient Maya city of Tikal. As the summer of unfolds, we will look eagerly in the fields to see which new crop pictures might appear there, and also we will wait expectantly for whatever the important date of December 23, might bring: Portion of lunar table, Structure 10K-2, Xultun, Guatemala.


Log in through your institution Log in via OpenAthens. The latter Inscriptions, vol. Several record detailed hieroglyphic calculations of lunar and planetary motions and their relation to the Mayan calendar. Lounsbury, in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol. Gray 1 Estimated H-index: Yet if we multiply by 63 to get 1, days then: The first two of those large numbers as 18 x 18, or 63 x 18, are well known, from the study of many other Mayan inscriptions or codices.

Gabrielle Vail 5 Estimated H-index: Post was not sent – check your email addresses!

Ancient Maya astronomical tables from Xultun, Guatemala.

They later abandoned their excavation, Ancient Maya Astronomical Tables and the exposed painting began to weather. That is the same Tzolkin symbol which was drawn on the wall above aatronomical, for a long-term match between their day calendar and the 18,day Calendar Round.

Antonio Aimi 1 Estimated H-index: