Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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The apical leaf in the bud is covered with a 3 cm long stipule that drops off as the former develops. Young radicles may be eaten as bruguiefa vegetable or preserve after boiling. According to the NParks Flora and Fauna website, the tree is the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the moth Olene mendosa. Flowers per leaf angle, sepals light green and sticking out bryguiera right angles to the fruit; seed germinates in fruit, their hypocotyl up to 15 cm long, like a green or purplish cigarette and often slighly curved.

It may form pure stands. The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc. Many terrestrial insects visit mangroves including herbivoresparasites and predators. Views Read Edit View history. Bruguiera malabarica Arnold Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Propagule develops on the parent plant: It grows in mangrove swamps in south east Asia.

The glossy green leaves are opposite, simple and elliptical with pointed ends. Human Uses The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc.

Retrieved from ” https: According to Burkill, the propagules are occasionally eaten after boiling, and according to Giersen eaten with sugar and coconut.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Sapling Flowers Fruiting branch Close up of sepals.

Bruguiera cylindrica

It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion. World Register of Marine Species. The crushed bark has an unusual odour which is repulsive to fish and this wood is not therefore used for fish traps. A Guide to cylihdrica Mangroves of Singapore I.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Leaves are bruguierz, elliptic, x cm, opposite and a petiole that is often reddish. Sungei Buloh, Apr Tree to about 20m, but those seen along our nature trails often almost short shrubs about 1m, to short trees to m. Bruguiera cylindrica Linnaeus Blume [1]. It was formerly called B. The roots lower part absorb water clindrica become heavier and after a few weeks the propagules float vertically and are ready to root into the substrate. Make your own badge here.

mangrove flora: bakau putih (bruguiera cylindrica)

Want to share your sightings? The petals of the flower hold loose pollen and are under tension. Sungei Buloh Besar, Jun Short buttresses and also knee roots.

The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction. The aerial roots or pneumatophores project from the soil in knee-shaped loops and have many lenticels which allow air into the gruguiera roots while excluding water. The flowers are cylinrdica small bunches of in the axils of the leaves. Sepals on propagules bend towards stalk. It is commonly used as fuel and in charcoal production.

Parts of the tree are eaten; the root tips are relished in Cylindirca the bark supplies a spice and the young shoots are boiled and served as a vegetable. The seed brugukera not detach itself from the flower stalk but germinates where it is and is known as a propagule.


Bakau putih on Singapore shores. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The flowers are pollinated by insects and release a cloud of pollen when probed at the base by the insect’s mouthparts. It is used for parts of the hull and, especially, for the keel of canoes in the Maldive Islands. Grows on stiff clay behind Avicennia at the seaface; can grow on newly formed soils unsuitable btuguiera other mangroves, leaving better soils to the other species.

Description This is a tree of about 20 m high with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores. Tree yclindrica to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed pneumatophores; bark grey, smooth; leaves opposite, blades light green, thin, elliptic; stipules pale yellow or greenish.

When probed at the base, the petal unzips to scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the visiting insect.

Mangrove swamps are habitats with great biodiversity. According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by day flying insects such as butterflies.

Tassels on petal tips. They have 8 long green sepals and 8 smaller, greenish-white petals with several little bristles on the tip. Bruguiera cylindrica can be confused with Bruguiera gymnorhizabut that has larger, red flowers and red sepals which remain attached to the propagule, which is a straight cylinder in shape rather than being slightly curved.

Used as firewood and timber. The roots spread out widely to provide stability in the waterlogged soil.

Although it usually produces abundant propagules and a tree is often festooned with many of them, the tree itself grows slowly.